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  • Fortress of Empire: Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines, 1565-1898

    Fortress of Empire: Spanish Colonial Fortifications of the Philippines, 1565-1898

    Rene Javellana, SJ

    Winner, National Book Award, Book Design, 1997
    Book design by Felix Mago Miguel Photography by Jose Ma. Lorenzo P. Tan
    The book showcases a string of fortifications built by Spanish colonists throughout the Philippine archipelago beginning in 1565. Over the next 300 years these forts served as their defense in protecting themselves and their emerging settlements from perceived enemies.
    Makati City: Bookmark, 1997
    ISBN: 971-569-253-2, 971-569-199-4
    209 pages

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